1. First of all, create the packaging material master – MM01 (NB: ‚Sales:General/Plant Data‘ view is required):
2. Under the „Additional data – Units of measure“ you can set dimensions (Length/Width/Height):
on the „Basic Data 1“ tab set General item category group as LEIK – Returnable packaging (acc. admin) for the packaging material.
In order to use packing, you need the packing materials you have created above, packing instructions and packing instruction determination records.
Quite often you’ll have materials are all packed a same way. In this case you may use a reference material for both packing instruction and determination record (both packing material and quantity must be identical).
There are two possibilities for the reference material. The easiest way is to simply choose one existing material and the second option is to create a new material (finished good) for this purpose.
The first option is easier to use, but keep in mind, that you will never be able to delete this material as long as it is in use as a reference material for packing (Basic data – Ref. mat. for pckg):
(repeat for identically packed materials).
The second option means more initial work, but you will avoid some problems as the one mentioned above. This option is recommended by SAP.
3. Sales:General/Plant Data‘ view:
don’t forget to enable Item generation in delivery for packaging material type using transaction VHAR:
4. Transaction code POP1
It is possible to create new instruction from an existing packing instruction number. Otherwise, just press enter to create a new packing instruction.
In the second line you have to choose the item category M:
(if you choose R the packing instruction is valid for reference material).
Target quantity is the maximum quantity SAP will pack in one box.
Don’t forget to set ’01‘ the Check profile on Admin. data tab.
You have to create one packing instruction for each combination of packing material and quantity.
5. Determination record (e.g. the same packing/material for different vendors) – transaction code POF1
6. Point the material, vendor and instruction as shown below (instruction number from the step 3):
(here are alternative packing instructions, to be used in case the main packing instruction is not found).
7. Before we can use packing in SAP, we must have the packing materials on stock.
Please, don’t forget to set the checkbox „Generation of Delivery Items for HU Packaging Materials“ in transaction 0VLK:
and set „updates qty/val“ of VERP & LEIH for your plant in OMS2:
Next two ways will demonstrate how to post packing goods receipt with and w/o purchased materials:
7.A.1. Posting goods receipt using handling units – transactions VL31N – VL33N, press the button „Pack“:
Inside the processing of Handling Units window you can automatically pack the delivery:
replace to another, delete HU or assignment, unpack, empty and select your own instruction (on Pack.proposal tab). Save this.
7.A.2. Now, post GR (VL32N):
Movement types for this delivery – are 101 and 501 (normal stock):
Note, that Returnable Transport Packaging (RTP) cannot be planned in a Purchase Order (not to special stock „M“). The second way to receipt empties – is to post GR for RTP in MIGO(MB11) transaction:
7.B.1. MIGO, receiving standard inbound delivery,
press the button „Non-ordered Item“ as depicted:
7.B.2. Put the RTP number as shown below:
In case of using „Transport equipment“ button you have to put vendor’s number to mark the stock of RTP as special („M“).
Movement type 501 does not create any FI-document.
Now let’s go to the counting empties.